The exhibition overlay
The exhibition took place both indoors and outdoors and were divided into five thematic parts: The outdoor section, the contemporary gallery, the large hall, the future gallery and the workshop.
The outdoor section
First the visitor met the outdoor works on the square outside of Moderna Museet. There were functioning ecological structures and buildings and alternative technology such as wind and solar power, a solar house, greenhouse, strawbale house and a building made entirely of recycled materials which was build up during the exhibition.
The contemporary gallery
The exhibitions indoor section began with the contemporary gallery where the visitor first passed through a dark cave. The contemporary gallery described present day industrial society with its negative effects and the relation between the industrialized and the underdeveloped countries.
The large hall
This was the exhibition’s energy center. The future ecological society was presented here in the form of a total construction in which the visitor moved on several layers. The hall was built as one entire sculpture to artistically depict urban society with its complex circulatory flows in contact with the surrounding nature. The sculpture, an impressive technical composition, contained many exhibited artistic objects and practical machinery. The entire sculpture was enclosed by the four elements sun, wind, water and air, each occupying a wall.
The future gallery
In the future gallery solar house, technical equipment and objects from different parts of the world were shown in models, some in full-scale and with greatly enlarged illustrations. Here were examples of technology from underdeveloped countries and other objects that provided a historical perspective such as antique solar collectors.
The workshop was unquestionably the most popular part with visitors. In the workshop there were activity leaders who directed the work for both children and adults. The workshop program sought to investigate methods of production which appear to be well adapted to both nature and mankind: to critically analyze present day technology and to experiment with ecological technology. Schools and children were invited and many hopped directly into constructional projects and complimented with a wider view of the consequences of their inventions as they proceeded. Others choose to work in a more searching analytical way at the outset, trying to form a general view over the problems that had to be tackled in our society and the ways in which this could be done. The children were learning many useful things not conventionally taught in the classroom. They were working in many different disciplines at the same time, across class boundaries, co-operatively. An incentive was that youth must be re-united with the rest of society; they must be helped to form a general perspective encouraged in creative thinking, in cooperation, in taking initiatives, not through force but through a feeling of social responsibility and consideration for nature and fellow man.
This material has been compiled as base for research from the original ARARAT exhibition catalogues scanned from the libraray of Moderna Museet and from the research dissitation Arkitektur & motstånd by Christina Pech at KTH school of architecture in Stockholm.
Ulrika Jansson 2015